11: Islam - Invasions East & West

Crusaders

Taking of Jerusalem
19th C. painting, Émil Signol

Key Terms

  • Al Rum (the “Byzantines”)
  • Umayyad Andalusia
  • Fatimids
  • Cairo (city)
  • al Maghreb
  • Mamluks
  • Sultan
  • Seljuks
  • Vizier
  • Al Franj (the “French”)
  • Crusade
  • the Four Crusader Kingdoms
  • Saladin
  • Genghis Khan

RELI 3320 | Intro to Islam

Not only did our troops not shrink from eating dead Turks and Saracens; they also ate dogs!
Albert of Aix | Siege of Maarat, First Crusade, 1098



Eastern Europeans
Al Rum | The Byzantines

Ansary Ch. 8 & 9

I. Islamic Orthodoxy & Orthopraxy

  • Orthodoxy | Greek: ortho (right) doxia (belief)
    • C.f., Christianity: belief is more important than practice
    • Islamic scholastic theology: kalam (عِلْم الكَلام)
      • “pure speculative theology” often irrelevant to a lived Islamic life
      • Ulama: what’s key is how a Muslim lives her life

  • Orthopraxy | Greek: ortho (right) praxis (practice)
    • C.f., Judaism: practice (Jewish law) is more important than belief
    • Islamic law: fiqh (فقه)
      • Aims to be practical and relevant
      • Changes as the times and historical context change
      • Different schools of fiqh across the world


Western Turko-Mongols
Al Atrak | The Turks

Ansary Ch. 8 & 9

I. Islamic Orthodoxy & Orthopraxy

  • Orthodoxy | Greek: ortho (right) doxia (belief)
    • C.f., Christianity: belief is more important than practice
    • Islamic scholastic theology: kalam (عِلْم الكَلام)
      • “pure speculative theology” often irrelevant to a lived Islamic life
      • Ulama: what’s key is how a Muslim lives her life

  • Orthopraxy | Greek: ortho (right) praxis (practice)
    • C.f., Judaism: practice (Jewish law) is more important than belief
    • Islamic law: fiqh (فقه)
      • Aims to be practical and relevant
      • Changes as the times and historical context change
      • Different schools of fiqh across the world


Now there are 3 Caliphates?
Al Abbasid | Umayyad | Fatimid

Ansary Ch. 8 & 9

I. Islamic Orthodoxy & Orthopraxy

  • Orthodoxy | Greek: ortho (right) doxia (belief)
    • C.f., Christianity: belief is more important than practice
    • Islamic scholastic theology: kalam (عِلْم الكَلام)
      • “pure speculative theology” often irrelevant to a lived Islamic life
      • Ulama: what’s key is how a Muslim lives her life

  • Orthopraxy | Greek: ortho (right) praxis (practice)
    • C.f., Judaism: practice (Jewish law) is more important than belief
    • Islamic law: fiqh (فقه)
      • Aims to be practical and relevant
      • Changes as the times and historical context change
      • Different schools of fiqh across the world


Western Europeans
Al Franj | The Franks

Ansary Ch. 8 & 9

I. Islamic Orthodoxy & Orthopraxy

  • Orthodoxy | Greek: ortho (right) doxia (belief)
    • C.f., Christianity: belief is more important than practice
    • Islamic scholastic theology: kalam (عِلْم الكَلام)
      • “pure speculative theology” often irrelevant to a lived Islamic life
      • Ulama: what’s key is how a Muslim lives her life

  • Orthopraxy | Greek: ortho (right) praxis (practice)
    • C.f., Judaism: practice (Jewish law) is more important than belief
    • Islamic law: fiqh (فقه)
      • Aims to be practical and relevant
      • Changes as the times and historical context change
      • Different schools of fiqh across the world


Eastern Turko-Mongols
Al Mughal | The Mongols

Ansary Ch. 8 & 9

I. Islamic Orthodoxy & Orthopraxy

  • Orthodoxy | Greek: ortho (right) doxia (belief)
    • C.f., Christianity: belief is more important than practice
    • Islamic scholastic theology: kalam (عِلْم الكَلام)
      • “pure speculative theology” often irrelevant to a lived Islamic life
      • Ulama: what’s key is how a Muslim lives her life

  • Orthopraxy | Greek: ortho (right) praxis (practice)
    • C.f., Judaism: practice (Jewish law) is more important than belief
    • Islamic law: fiqh (فقه)
      • Aims to be practical and relevant
      • Changes as the times and historical context change
      • Different schools of fiqh across the world