Welcome to the Real.
Understand the basic set of questions that Metaphysics addresses
Understand the basic set of questions that Epistemology addresses
Appreciate the lessons of Plato's Allegory of the Cave for young thinkers
Understand the relationship between Plato's Worlds of Being & Becoming
Appreciate the lesson of Plato's Allegory of the Chariot for young thinkers
Understand the relationship between the three parts of Plato's Republic
Allegory of the Cave
World of Being
World of Becoming
Allegory of the Chariot
Classical Metaphysics: What is Being?
• What is it to be?
• Why is there something rather than nothing?
• The study of the arche — of first causes
• Why do some things change and some don't?
• Monism v. Dualism
• Materialism v. Idealism
Modern Metaphysics: How do we even address existence?
• Works within a commitment to Naturalism
• Ontology: questions centered on existence (cf. Heidegger's dasein)
• Personal Identity: questions centered on persistence (eg. Ship of Theseus)
• Phil. of Math: questions centered on parts / wholes / numeration (cf. Gödel)
• Phil. of Time: questions centered on our experience of reality (cf. Hawking)
• Cause & Effect: with implications for Free Will / Determinism (cf. Frankfurt)
What is NOT Metaphysics?
• Questions centered on Ethics, Aesthetics, Society, Epistemology, etc.
• The 1970s New Age movement in the West (and its descendents)
• Pseudoscience, Spiritualism, Emotivism, etc.